Diagnosing Depression

Depression & Mental Health in the UK

One in six people experience a common mental health problem every week. But what is depression?

In the UK...

Gender divide

Gender divide

Women are more likely than men to have a common mental health problem
Women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder

Symptoms in men…

  1. 1. Feeling sad or "empty"
  2. 2. Feeling hopeless, irritable, anxious, or angry
  3. 3. Loss of interest in work, family, or once-pleasurable activities, including sex
  4. 4. Feeling very tired
  5. 5. Not being able to concentrate or remember details
  6. 6. Not being able to sleep, or sleeping too much
  7. 7. Overeating, or not wanting to eat at all
  8. 8. Thoughts of suicide, or suicide attempts
  9. 9. Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems
  10. 10. Inability to meet the responsibilities of work, caring for family, or other important activities
10% of mothers and 6% of fathers have a mental health problem
About 5% of men and 10% of women will experience Major Depressive Disorder at some point in their life

Symptoms in women…

  1. 1. Persistently sad, anxious, or having an "empty" mood
  2. 2. Loss of interest or pleasure in activities, including sex
  3. 3. Restlessness, irritability, or excessive crying
  4. 4. Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness, hopelessness, pessimism
  5. 5. Sleeping too much or too little, or early-morning awakening
  6. 6. Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain
  7. 7. Decreased energy, fatigue, feeling "slowed down"
  8. 8. Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts
  9. 9. Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
  10. 10. Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain

In the younger generation...

20% of adolescents may
experience a mental health problem
50% of mental health disorders
are established by age 14
10% of children have a clinically
diagnosable mental health problem
Young Minds is a charity specifically dedicated to helping younger people overcome depression and other mental health conditions.
What triggers depression?

What triggers depression?

Overwhelming stress at work, school, or home

Marital or relationship problems

Not reaching important goals

Losing or changing a job; embarking on military service

Constant money problems

History of mood disorders in early reproductive years

Loss of a parent before the age of 10

Loss of social support system or the threat of such a loss

Ongoing psychological and social stress

Depression or dementia?

Depression or dementia?

Symptoms of Depression Symptoms of Dementa
Mental decline is relatively rapid Mental decline happens slowly
Knows the correct time, date, and where he or she is Confused and disorientated; becomes lost in familiar locations
Difficulty concentrating Difficulty with short-term memory
Language and motor skills are slow, but normal Writing, speaking, and motor skills are impaired
Notices or worries about memory problems Doesn’t notice memory problems or seem to care

There are 850,000 people in the UK with dementia. This will reach 1 million by 2025 and 2 million by 2051

225,000 people will develop dementia this year

1 in 6 people over 80 years-old have dementia

The total cost of dementia in the UK is £26.3 billion a year

How to help someone with depression

How to help someone with depression

Treatment of depression

Treatment of depression

Further information & useful sources

Further information & useful sources











Diagnosing Depression - Your Guide to Depression & Mental Health in the UK